Friendship and Support!

Friendship and Support!

Posted on: 19 May, 2011 | INT

Comments: 20 |Views: 634 |Likes: 31

                                                                Friendship and Support !  





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Do you have friends?  

Everyone’s answer to this simple question is “Yes, of .”

How to Support a Friend Who Has to Make a Difficult Decision?



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   Friend is someone who you like, respect, and trust, and who likes, respects and trusts you.


A good friend or supporter may or may not be your age or the same sex as you; come from the same educational, cultural, or religious background; or share interests that are similar to yours. Friendships also have different depths; some are closer to the heart, some more superficial-but they’re all useful and good.



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    Hug your friend and tell your friend that you are there for him her

    You can hug for as long as it feels needed. It’s a big gesture of support and friendly love.  



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                       True friends are our priceless possessions. They are one of our greatest resources for our happiness. They share our joys and sorrows; they stand by us and comfort us; they help and encourage us, and they support us through all the trials and tribulations. It is friends like these you should keep. Offering advice is another quality of being a good friend.   



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    Do you know  time with friends makes you a healthier person?  Of course, friendship is good for your health.


Good friends are good for your health and friends can help you celebrate good times and provide support.





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     Free yourself from worry, forget stress, love your friends you will learn to recognise the important things in your life. Then you truly will look younger, live longer and love life.  


          Some people use chat groups and other connections on the Internet as a way to make friends and to relieve loneliness. While this can be a good short-term way to connect with others, avoid sharing personal information with people you do not know well or whom you have not met in person.


 Everybody has a personal history of the friendship.



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Friendship is officially defined as the co-operative and supportive behavior between two or more people.

Friendship and forgiveness are two words that go together just like the sun and moon both go with the Earth.

Friendship is sharing moments together.

Friendship is very important in your life.





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A good friend supports us when we are up and when we are down.  They’re happy for us when we are doing well.  And they are there for us when we aren’t.  A good friend is always a friend, no matter what the circumstances are.  If you find a friend who only wants to be there when you’re unhappy but doesn’t want anything to do with you when you’re up, that does not equal a good friend.  


Give & Take



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      A good friend will understand it goes both ways.  Sometimes a person is the giver and sometimes the taker. But it has to be both ways.  You can’t always be one or the other.  A good friend totally gets this and makes sure the friendship is on an even keel.  



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Don’t pressure your friend to make this rough choice.


A friend is someone who gives you good advice when you want and ask for it, assists you in taking action that will help you feel better, and works with you in difficult situations to figure out what to do next .



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A friend is someone who respects your need for confidentiality so you can tell them anything.



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                                                                     Thanks and,


                                              your comments are always welcome.


                                                                                         Sultan Ahmed


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Pakistani Mangoes

Pakistani Mangoes

Posted on: 28 Jun, 2011 | INT

Comments: 32 |Views: 696 |Likes: 12

                                            Pakistani Mangoes





Mangoes is a great restorer of energy during the hot summer days.

Mangoes are a comfort food. The enzymes in it act as a digestive aid giving this feeling of comfort. The fruit is full of protective nutrients and hence known as “king of the fruits”.


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Mango is only the fruit which has wide range of types or species.


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Mangoes bring happiness to our life in summer season.

Mangoes are grown under the season of summer from April to September,

Every 2nd human of the world likes to eat mango.  


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China is a great cultivator of mangoes, but the taste of mangoes from India and Pakistan can never be forgotten. These two countries also give some interesting names to the species of mangoes like  Sindhri, Langra, Chaunsa, Fajri, Samar Bahist, Anwar Ratole, Dasehri, Saroli, etc. Chaunsa’ means ‘limp’ and ‘to suck’ respectively.


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As mango is named as “King of the Fruits” similarly, Sindhri is said to be “The King of Mango, is also the national fruit of Pakistan  because this variety is top in Pakistan. Sindhri is yellow in colour, and tastes very sweet Sindhri, famous mango variety from Pakistan and Among the Best Mangoes of the World


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There are over 1000 varieties of mango.  

450 varieties of mangoes in South Asia.

In Asian cultures, people store it for a long time by using different spices on it. Common dishes are pudding, custard, desserts, juices, milk shakes, spices, pickles, mango powder, jams and marmalades.


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The mango is said to be:









•Cardio tonic






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In Sindh, there are more than 125 varieties of mango.

 I like ( Sindhri Mango and Chaunsa Mango )  because it’s my favorite fruit.  

In Pakistan we get more than 10 lacs tons production, out of which Sindh provides 50% i.e. more than 5 lacs tons. Multan and Mirpurkhas are the main regions, where we get mangoes in large quantity. The maximum production, we get from Rahim Yar Khan, where mangoes are cultivated on more than 26 thousand acres.

 Pakistani Mangoes like Sindhri from Sind Province & Chaunsa from Punjab.


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Sindhri Mango:  



Sindhri the best fruit one  

Leading variety of Sindh (province, Pakistan)




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Chaunsa Mango:  


 Chaunsa from Punjab



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Chaunsa is a variety of mango grown in different parts of the world, but originally from Rahim Yar Khan and Multan in Punjab , Pakistan  

 Chaunsa flavoured juice which is very high in demand and popular in the public. Chaunsa is exported to almost every country of the world and earns a lot of foreign exchange for Pakistan. Major buyers include USA, Canada and Europe.


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Pakistani Mango answer Retool:


It is a small mango and sweet as sin. Its flavor is the main reason for its popularity in recent times. It is extensively grown in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Its peak season is from mid-July to August.



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Pakistan is considered as one of the best producers of mangos in the world with about 15 different types of mangoes. The most popular ones here are sindhari, langra, chonsa and anwar retool, which are also known for their sweet taste and exceptional texture.


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 It is a rich source of vitamins, potassium, phenol and iron, and looks so tempting and tastes so yummy. It`s used for many purposes and eaten in a variety of ways. Mangoes really deserve  to be called the `king of fruits`.







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Amelia Earhart!

Amelia Earhart

Posted on: 06 Jul, 2011 | INT

Comments: 25 |Views: 770 |Likes: 16

                                                                          Amelia Earhart  





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Amelia Earhart was born on 24 July 1897 in Atchison, Kansas. Her flying career began in Los Angeles in 1921 at the age of 24. have always been interested in her story in URDU (My language). She was really famous. Amelia was working as a social worker in Boston.



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Earhart’s flight would not be the first to circle the globe, but it would be the longest, 29,000 miles, following an equatorial route.  Amelia found herself a female flying teacher and started to learn to fly.



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Amelia Earhart was a successful and heavily promoted writer who served as aviation editor for “Cosmopolitan” magazine from 1928 to 1930. She wrote magazine articles, newspaper columns, essays and published two books based upon her experiences as a flyer during her lifetime . One book was called The Fun For It.



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Amelia Earhart was the first woman to fly across the Atlantic and Pacific oceans solo. She also won many aviation trophies and set many records. During an attempt to circumnavigate the earth,but nobody knows what really happened to her in the end except for the fact that her plane crashed in the ocean. She broke records and charted new skies in the course of her short life she was really brave. Amelia continued to break all sorts of aviation records over the next few years.


She also designed a flying suit for women, and went on to design other clothes for women who led active lives.



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During the World War  Amelia worked as a military nurse in Canada and later she became a social worker and taught English to immigrant children.


She enjoyed watching airplane stunt shows, which were popular in the 1920s. Then one day she took a 10-minute plane ride and knew what her vocation would be – she would learn to fly.


Several years later, she became the first woman to fly from California to Hawaii, which was a difficult route.



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 When she was nearly 40, Amelia decided that she was ready for a final challenge – to be the first woman to fly around the world. Her first attempt was unsuccessful (the plane was damaged) but she tried again in June 1937, with her navigator, Fred Noonan. She had decided that this was going to be her last long-distance ‘record breaking’ flight.



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Everything went smoothly and they landed in New Guinea in July. The next stage was from New Guinea to Howland Island, a tiny spot of land in the Pacific Ocean. But in mid flight the plane, navigator and pilot simply disappeared in the bad weather.


A rescue search was started immediately but nothing was found.


Whatever happened, Amelia Earhart is remembered as a brave pioneer for both aviation and for women.Earhart’s disappearance, offering in its place a less romantic but ultimately tragic scenario of a great pilot who died at sea.


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The United States government spent $4 million looking for Amelia, which makes it the most expensive air and sea search in history.


A lighthouse was built on Howland Island in her memory.




“Adventure is worthwhile in itself.”

“Courage is the price that life exacts for granting peace. The soul that knows it not, knows no release from little things; knows not the livid loneliness of fear.”

“Flying might not be all plain sailing, but the fun of it is worth the price.”

“In soloing – as in other activities – it is far easier to start something than it is to finish it.”

“Never interrupt someone doing what you said couldn’t be done.” (ed – This one has to be my favorite Amelia Earhart quote.)

“Please know that I am aware of the hazards. I want to do it because I want to do it. Women must try to do things as men have tried. When they fail, their failure must be a challenge to others.”

“The most effective way to do it, is to do it.”

“The woman who can create her own job is the woman who will win fame and fortune.”

“There is so much that must be done in a civilized barbarism like war.”

“Women must pay for everything. They do get more glory than men for comparable feats, but, they also get more notoriety when they crash.”


 Queen of the Air  




          Amelia Earhart             



Amelia Earhart we still search for  


     Out there in the ocean blue

Your resting place is still unknown

  Did a watery grave become your  


   When radio contact was finally


 We all knew there was something  


   Lost forever in that sea of blue

We can only wonder what became    

                           of you.    

In search of adventure you flew far  

                       and wide

    With Lady Luck always by your


When it happened on your voyage  


  Lady Luck somehow was gone.

So Amelia Earhart we still search

                        for you

Perhaps we found your missing  


  But your resting place is still


Did a watery grave become your  



        (Poem by Jane Resture)


Amelia Earhart we still search for you !!



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Colors and Life!

Colors and Life!

Posted on: 21 Jul, 2011 | INT

Comments: 22 |Views: 789 |Likes: 13

                                                                            Colors and Life!



  Hi, this is Sultan!


I saw something on television the other day, I thought you’d enjoy hearing about it.

It was a report on color, color changes how you feel. Scientists say red makes you hungry that’s why many restaurants have red walls. They also say pink makes you calm, pink rooms help you relax. If this is true do you think colors change the way you feel?



Here is some Information about color, it is quite amazing and has changed my life!  

A bright color can make you feel happy where as a dull color can make you feel sad.

Your personality color tells you a lot about yourself, how you function and how others see you. It is the means to understanding your.  I’m not an expert, but I think I’m going to understand something, “what is color?”.  



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  What is Color?



Light is a kind of energy that can travel through space. Light from the sun or a light bulb looks white, but it is really a mixture of many colors. The colors in white light are red, orange, yellow, green, blue and violet.



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Color is light you can see and comes in seven wavelength groups. When the light hits an object, the wavelengths are absorbed and reflected back to what we see as color.  


How we see color?


 The human eye and brain together translate light into color. Light receptors within the eye transmit messages to the brain, which produces the familiar sensations of color.Through the eye, we can see darkness, brightness and different colors.


The ability to see color depends on the many complicated workings of the eyes and brain. When we look at an object, light coming from the object enters our eyes. Each eye focuses the light, which forms an image of the object on the retina.  

 The retina is a thin layer of tissue covering the back and sides of the inside of the eyeball. It contains millions of light-sensitive cells. These cells absorb most of the light that falls on the retina and convert the light to electrical signals. These electrical signals then travel through nerves which lead to the brain.   

   When we observe a red ball is that the ball appears red because it reflects only red light and absorbs all other light. The ball does not have color in itself. The light generates the color. What we see as color is the reflection of specific wavelength of light rays off an object. The color white: If all light waves are reflected from a surface the surface will appear to be white. The color black: Similarly, when all light waves are absorbed by a surface the surface will appear to be black. The energy of light waves is converted into heat when absorbed. Wearing white or light colored clothing during hot summer days takes advantage of the quality.  When you ask children to tell you the names of all the colors, they’ll know red, blue, yellow and a few more. A basic color wheel, it is based on 3 different types of colors: primary, secondary, and tertiary.


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1.Primary Colors


Red, Yellow, Blue

 These are colors that cannot be created through the mixing of other colors. They are colors in their own right. The three primary colors are RED – YELLOW – BLUE.   

2.Secondary ColorsGreen, orange and purple


Primary colors can be mixed together to produce SECONDARY COLORS or Secondary colors are formed by mixing two primary colors. Primary Colors cannot be created by mixing other colors and (Primary colors) can be combined to produce any color in the rainbow! Primary as in the Basic First colors to form other colors. Red, Blue and Yellow are considered “Primary” colors.  


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 You can use red and blue to make a color, yellow and blue to make a color and yellow and red to make a color,   they are called “Secondary Colors.”  

 This is the idea of “Color Theory.”

  Proper use of basic color theory can help you decide what colors match, as well as what each color makes people feel.  


Sir Isaac Newton


  Sir Isaac Newton developed the first circular diagram of colors in 1666. Since then scientists and artists have studied and designed numerous variations of this concept.

   3.Tertiary Colors  

  Tertiary colors are combinations of primary and secondary colours.

  Tertairy colors consiste of red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, and red-violet.   Tertiary colors are formed by mixing primary and secondary colors, resulting in the two-word names.

 (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black)  

 Many computer printers and traditional “four-color”  

  You can’t mix colors to get black and white, black and white are colors that you need to start out with. If you mix a bunch of colors together you might get a dark brown, but not black.  Ink and paint get their colors by absorbing some of the colors in white light and reflecting others. Green ink looks green because it reflects the green part of white light and absorbs all the other colors. Red ink looks red because it reflects red light and absorbs all the other colors. When you mix green, red, blue, and yellow ink, each ink that you add absorbs more light. That leaves less light to reflect to your eye. Since the mixture absorbs light of many colors and reflects very little, you end up with black.


 What does your personality color say about you and  how do colors affect us?


 Color is the life of a human. If a very important in determining the mood of people. Different cultures have different meanings for colors, what do the different colors mean in your culture? Your favorite color tells more than just what color clothes you prefer each color reveals your personality Share. Most people, for whatever reason, have a favorite color but few know what their preference says about them.  

 color is the life of human, if human sees colour he enjoys it. Color can affect how people think and act. We can make a clearer connection with our friends through knowledge of color meanings. Although colors can convey different meanings in different eras, cultures, and for different individuals, in general.


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Ramadan رمضان

Ramadan رمضان

Posted on: 29 Jul, 2011 | INT

Comments: 49 |Views: 449 |Likes: 23

                                                                                     Ramadan رمضان



Ramadan is expected to begin on or around August 1, 2011



What is The Month of Ramadan?  


Ramadan brings out a special feeling of emotional excitement and religious zeal among Muslims of all ages. It is one of the holiest month for Muslims. I will just try to describe it, I know words are not enough to describe this month but I will try my level best to put a light on it. Ramadan is the 9th month of the Islamic calendar. Ramadan is expected to begin on or around August 1, 2011 and will finish on or around August 29, 2011, and will continue for 29 or 30 days. Every day during this month, Muslims around the world spend the daylight hours in a complete fast. Note that in the Muslim calander, a holiday begins on the sunset of the previous day, so observing Muslims will celebrate Ramadan on the sunset of the 31st of July. Ramadan is always on the same day of the Islamic calendar, the date on the Gregorian calendar varies from year to year, since the Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar and the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar. This difference means Ramadan moves in the Gregorian calendar approximately 11 days every year. Hence the above estimated Ramadan dates for the next years show that every year Ramadan starts 11 to 12 earlier than the previous year. The date of Ramadan may also vary from country to country depending on whether the moon has been sighted or not. In this month Muslims all around the World Fasting and doing Worship of God (Allah). Ramadan is also a time of intensive worship, reading of the Qur’an, giving charity, purifying one’s behavior, and doing good deeds. Ramadan or Sawn one of the five pillars of Islam which all Muslims are expected to follow, the other four are Faith (Shahadah)  Prayer (Salah), Charitable Giving (Zakah), and the Pilgrimage to Makkah (Hajj).  





The holy month of Ramadan month is divided into three parts (1) Rahmat, (2) Maghfirat and (3) Nijat. While Rahmat means “mercy of God, Maghfirat means “forgiveness of God” and Nijat means “salvation”. As their meaning suggest, Muslims (followers of the holy Quran), ask for Allah’s blessings to make their life meaningful. There in lies the significance of Ramadan.  

Ramadhan is the month of celebration as well as the month of discipline and self-control.


What is fasting?   ( ما هو الصيام؟ )


Fasting is another form of worship found universally in the world religions. Fasting is an ancient and universal practice.The Jews observe an annual fasting on the day of atonement in commemoration of the descent of Moses from Sinai after spending forty days of fasting in order to be able to receive revelation. Jesus observed fasting for forty days in the desert and commanded his followers to fast. In brief, the practice of fasting has been common in one form or the other in all human societies. Fasting is a way of experiencing hunger and developing sympathy for the less fortunate, and learning to thankfulness and appreciation for all of God’s bounties.  



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Fasting is also beneficial to the health and provides a break in the cycle of rigid habits or overindulgence. Observing fast, or fasting, is when a person abstains (or keeps away) from eating and drinking.  Muslims fast for 30 consecutive days during the month of Ramadan during daylight hours.  From sunrise to sunset. The Qur’an commands: “O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint. [Surah Bakarah – 2:183]  ( سورة البقرة — 2:183  )


Exemption From Fasting:  ( الإعفاء من الصوم )


1. Children under the age of puberty and discretion;

2. The insane people who are unaccountable for their deeds. People of these two categories are exempted from the duty of fasting and no compensation or any other substitute is enjoined on them;

3. Men and women who are too old and feeble to undertake the obligation of fasting and bear its hardships. Such people are exempted from this duty, but they must offer at least one needy poor Muslim an average full meal or its value per person day.

4. Sick people whose health is likely to be severely affected by fasting. They may postpone the fast, as long as they are sick, to a later date and makeup for it, a day for a day;

5. People expecting hardship. Such people may break the fast temporarily during their travel only and make up for it in later days, a day for a day. But it is better for them, the Quran says, to keep the fast if they can without causing extraordinary hardships;

6. Expectant women and women nursing their children may also break the fast, if its observance is likely to endanger their own health or that of their infants. But they must make up for the fast at a delayed time, a day for a day;

7. Women in periods of menstruation (of a maximum of ten days). They must postpone the fast till recovery and then make up for it, a day for day.


    Iftar ( افطار  )


The time when the fast ends is known as ‘Iftar’. Iftar is an Arabic term meaning breaking the fast immediately after the sunset. Iftar is a light snack consisting of dates or desserts, along with liquids, such as water, juice or milk. Iftar, refers to the evening meal when Muslims break their fast during the  month of Ramadan. Iftar is one of the religious observances of Ramadan and is often done as a community, with people gathering to break their fast together.



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 To eat a few dates or start breaking the fast by plain water right after sunset, saying this prayer ” O God! for Your sake have we fasted and now we break the fast with the food You have given us)”  


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 Lailatul Qadr:( ليلة القدر  )



The 27th day Ramadan month is said to be the Lailatul Qadr.

The last ten days of Ramadan are a time of special spiritual power as everyone tries to come closer to God through devotions and good deeds. The night on which the first verses of the Qur’an were revealed to the Prophet, known as the Night of Power (Lailat ul-Qadr), is generally taken to be the 27th night of the month. The Qur’an states that this night is better than a thousand months. Therefore many Muslims spend the entire night in prayer.  


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 Eid ul-Fitr (‎عيد الفطر )


Eid ul-Fitr is a holiday marking the end of Ramadan.

After 30 days of fasting, the end of the month of Ramadan is observed with a day of celebration, called Eid-ul-Fitr.



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 Eid means ‘festival’ or ‘celebration’ in Arabic and the festival following Ramadan is known as ‘Eid-ul-Fitr’.  

 On this day a large feast is celebrated on the breaking of the fast of Ramadan, and is held on the first day of Shawwal, right after the month of Ramadan. Also called “Eid,” on this day many elaborate dishes are served at banquet-like gatherings. Additionally, houses are decorated and gifts are exchanged. An important part of Eid-ul-Fitr celebrations is to express warm wishes to your neighbors and invite them for a meal. An interesting idea is to celebrate the Eid-ul-Fitr with poor children. The Muslims are actually advised to offer 3 kilograms of one’s daily ration or its equivalent cash to the poor on this occasion.


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A hug is an amazing thing!

A hug is an amazing thing!

Posted on: 29 Aug, 2011 | INT

Comments: 6 |Views: 154 |Likes: 9

                                                           A hug is an amazing thing!





hug = To clasp or hold closely, especially in the arms, as in affection; embrace.



A hug is a form of physical intimacy, that usually involves closing or holding the arms around the neck, back, or waist of another person, if more than two persons are involved, this is referred to as a group hug.  Depending on culture, context and relationship, a hug can indicate familiarity, love, affection or friendship. One person may hug another as an indication of support, comfort, and consolation.  



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 A hug can be a demonstration of affection and emotional warmth, sometimes arising out of joy or happiness at meeting someone. Sometimes hugs are a romantic exchange. One study has shown that hugs increase levels of oxytocin, and reduce blood pressure. It’s funny how a little hug makes everyone feel good. In every place and language, it’s always understood. We felt that there was no better way to show care than with a hug. Hugs show love with speed. It helps the body’s immune system, keeps you healthier, cures depression, reduces stress, induces sleep, is invigorating, has no unpleasant side affects, is all natural. Hugs can relieve pain and depression. Hugs are good for any occasion birthdays, holidays, greetings, good byes or sometimes just because you want to.  A hug  is also a form of communication. It can say things you don’t have words for. When you get a hug, you feel warm, fuzzy and complete.  



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Give hugs to people we love and people we know, and maybe even to people we don’t know. Hugs are amazing at relieving stress (and studies have proven this). I’m sure you’ve felt this yourself when hugging a partner or loved one. It feels like you relax, and stress melts away when you hug someone you care about.



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Studies show that the human touch has a therapeutic physical and psychological effect. A study by the University of North Carolina’s Karen Grewen and Kathleen Light, shows that hugging your partner can reduce heart rate and blood pressure, both classic signs of stress.  





Hugging is very important.  Check out this cute quote:


“Hugging is healthy: it helps the body’s immun system, it keeps you healthier, it cures depression, it reduces stress, it induces sleep, it’s invigorating, it’s rejuvenating, it has no unpleasant side effects, and hugging is nothing less than a miracle drug.  Hugging is all natural: it is organic, naturally sweet, it has no pesticides, no preservatives, no artificial ingredients, and it is 100% wholesome.  Hugging is practically perfect: there are no movable parts, no batteries to replace, no periodic check-ups, has low energy consumption, high energy yield, is inflation-proof, non-fattening, has no monthly payments, no insurance requirements, is theft-proof, non-taxable, non-polluting, and is, of course, fully refundable.” – Sharon Lindsey  


Hug your friend. Hugs don’t need words. You can hug for as long as it feels needed. It’s a big gesture of support and friendly love.  



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 Month of Ramadan, now ended.

 After the Eid prayer  I’ll hug with my friends.

  Eid Mubarak with Hugs!  





      Happy hugging in your community!  

      Let us hug, breathe, smile and be happy.



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My most popular videos on YouTube is”PakSat-1R”

My most popular videos on YouTube is”PakSat-1R”

Posted on: 31 Aug, 2011 | INT

Comments: 1 |Views: 212 |Likes: 3

                                               My most popular videos on YouTube is”PakSat-1R”


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           YouTube is the most popular video service on the web today.

    My most popular videos on YouTube is”PakSat-1R Launching Pakistan’s first communications satellite.”

    I’m sharing with you it was a news about “PakSat-1R” the new satellite. The satellite will be operated from SUPARCO ( The Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission )Satellite Ground Stations located in Lahore and Karachi (cities in Pakistan).


            Video upload date: Uploaded by sultan23c on Aug 12, 2011  


                                                       Video comments: 72

                                                       100 likes and 3 dislikes

                                                        Viewed……….   9,208

                                                        (19 Days report only)


  Pakistan’s first Communications Satellite PskSst-1R, as a part of Pakistan’s Space Programme 2040, was launched on Thursday at 2117 hrs on board China’s Satellite Launch Vehicle from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre.

The satellite has 30 transponders onboard, including 12 C band and 18 Ku band transponders. To meet the coverage requirements, Paksat-1R has advance communication antennas, covering South Asian sub-continent, the Middle East, east Africa and part of Western European areas and cities.  


PakSat-1R Satellite.





        The contract for the PakSst-1R was signed in 2008 between China Great Wall Industry Corporation and the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission of Pakistan. China and Pakistan share a long history of space technology cooperation. Pakistan’s first low-orbit satellite, BADR-A, was launched by China in 1990. This also marks the next step in taking forward Pakistan’s space Programme 2040.


       PakSst-1R  has a design life of 15 years and will provide TV broadcasting, Internet and data communication services across South and Central Asia, Eastern Europe, East Africa and the Far East. This satellite now enables extending of communication services to all areas of Pakistan.


First low-orbit satellite, BADR-A, was launched by China in 1990.






           A dream comes true and also proved that the Pakistani scientists and Engineers have the ability and knowledge in the cutting age technology including space sciences.  




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